When Texas passed a rigorous anti-abortion law this year, it caused an outcry among American liberals. My social media feed quickly showed memes that pointed out the hypocrisy of it all:

Many conservatives don’t get (of course it is bad to kill life) why we liberals protest against such laws and the simple answer is because they are against universal human rights. Anti-abortion and anti-contraception stances really amount to controlling women’s reproductive choices and that is what conservatives have been trying to do since… well, since when? Since the beginning of agriculture, as I will argue, there is no gender…


“Man is born free but everywhere is in chains.” This quote made the Geneva-born political philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau world famous. But why is it that this quote resonates much more with a minority of people than the majority? People all around the world live in non-democratically governed states that violate human rights and the dissenting voices are usually only a few.

The recent years have shown a particular downward trend in democratic awareness, with up to 30% of millennials agreeing that an authoritarian government may be better than a democratic one and there is a danger of these numbers approaching…


The literary work that is closest to my forager vs farmer hypothesis is Ishmael, a 1992 philosophical novel by Daniel Quinn. A captive gorilla who has learned to communicate with people teaches the narrator about human Takers and leavers, with the former being represented by farmers and the latter by foragers:

The Leavers were chapter one of human history-a long and uneventful chapter. Their chapter of human history ended about ten thousand years ago with the birth of agriculture in the Near East. This event marked the beginning of chapter two, the chapter of the Takers. …


The People vs. Democracy (2018) by political analyst Yascha Mounk is a brilliant book about how liberalism has become separate from democracy. Liberals have become less democratic while illiberal politicians have. One example, mentioned in the book is the Hungarian prime minister Victor Orban, who started out as a liberal democrat and ended up as a right-wing populist/nationalist politician, who disregards or even disrespect liberal values and minorities. One thing you can’t hold against Orban is that he is anti-democratic, as he has the full support of the majority of his people. And this is true for many populist politicians…


The Origins of You (2020) is a book by some of the most authoritative researchers in developmental psychology: Jay Belsky, Avshalom Caspi, Terrie E. Moffitt and Richie Poulton. The authors argue that there are two distinct trajectories for juvenile antisocial behaviour even though the outcomes are often the same and include

[…] one type was referred to as “childhood-onset or life-course persistent” (LCP) and the other was called “adolescent-onset or adolescent-limited” (AL). …


An evo-devo model of bullying and juvenile delinquent behaviour

This article takes a life history theoretic (r/K selection) approach to bullying and juvenile delinquency, following evolutionary psychologist Marco Del Giudice Evolutionary Psychopathology (2018). Accordingly, bullying juvenile delinquency, as well as antisocial personality traits in general (callousness), are predicted by a fast life-history strategy that includes a bundle of traits like earlier sexual maturation, higher sociosexuality, higher risk-taking and less paternal investment.

While it is well known, that early puberty often comes with a host of antisocial behaviour, I will also argue that the risk for being the victim of bullying…


Science studies almost anything you can imagine, from languages to pathogens and even science itself. It’s, therefore, a bit strange that there is little research on scientists themselves. Why should there be? After all, scientists are just like all other human beings, or aren’t they?

Well, certainly not in the perception of most people, who would consider them a weird subspecies of Homo sapiens. Due to the work of Joseph Henrich (The WEIRDest People in the World , 2020) we know that people in academia tend to be WEIRD (Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic) indeed and that WEIRD people…


According to Deadpool, the movie is really a love story and there is actually a line worthy of the greatest love stories. Deadpool declares his love for his girlfriend Vanessa by telling her “Your crazy matches my crazy, big time”.

Most girls would probably have been put off by these words, but Vanessa seems to be much happier about it than any other declaration of love could have made her. And it’s not only Vanessa who resonates with this line: there are a lot of memes on the web and you can buy merchandise such as keyrings, T-shirts and gift…


I often think it’s comical — Fal, lal, la!

How Nature always does contrive — Fal, lal, la!

That every boy and every gal

That’s born into the world alive

Is either a little Liberal

Or else a little Conservative!

Predisposed: Liberals, Conservatives, and the Biology of Political Differences (2013) by John R. Hibbing et al. is a highly interesting read about liberals and conservatives that goes far beyond politics and familiar attitudes like pro-choice or pro-life. A lot of the book is about different lifestyle choices. …


Almost everywhere around the world there are pockets with the last remaining foragers. America has its Native Americans, Asia the Sentinelese, Australia its aboriginals, and Africa is still relatively rich in foragers with the San, Hadzabe, Aka and other people. Europe is an exception, with no remaining hunter-gather or mesolithic cultures left. The Inuit are descended from the Thule people, who settled Greenland in between AD 1200 and 1400, at a time when probably the last indigenous European foragers had already gone extinct.

When did the last European foragers, the Western Hunter-Gathers (WGHs) go extinct? In much of Europe there…

Andreas Hofer

teacher

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